Research Consultancy: An analysis of climate and development induced displacement in Kenya: The case of Turkana, Tana River and Nairobi Counties.

 Project Background:

The Refugee Consortium of Kenya (RCK) is a national non-governmental organisation established in 1998. RCK’s mission is to promote and protect the rights and dignity of refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs, and other forced migrants in Kenya and the wider East African region. It was established as a response to an increasingly complex and deteriorating refugee situation in Kenya and the region. RCK’s core mandate is to: provide legal aid services and psycho-social counselling; engage in advocacy for policy change by providing technical support towards development of relevant legislations in line with international instruments regulating the management of refugees and other forced migrants; and to raise awareness regarding the plight and rights of the vulnerable groups through research and information dissemination.

The Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung (HBS), a non-profit organization, is part of the Global Green Movement headquartered in Berlin Germany, with a footprint in over 30 countries. The HBS principles are anchored on ecology and sustainability; democracy and human rights; self-determination and justice. They place particular emphasis on gender democracy meaning social emancipation and equal rights for all genders. This particular partnership seeks to advance progressive political and socio-economic transformation through its thematic focus on sustainable development, gender democracy, dialogue and civic spaces.

Despite the existence of the IDP Act, 2012, (which became operational in 2013), legal and policy responses to arising IDP situations in the country, have remained unresolved. To address this policy gap in public awareness and governance, RCK, through funding support from the HBS seeks the services of an expert to carry out an in-depth analysis of climate and development-induced displacement with a specific focus on the counties of Turkana, Tana River and Nairobi.

Contextually, an in-depth analysis of climate and development-induced displacement is a critical first step to sustain peace through conflict transformation approach, to inform more comprehensive and coherent strategies, political engagement, and creation of interventions in a conflict-sensitive way. It provides insights into the causes and consequences of internal displacement, the dynamics supporting or undermining peace efforts, and the needs and interests of diverse stakeholders. Hence, it will serve to provide new knowledge on climate and development-induced displacement for relevant stakeholders, HBS and RCK.

  1. Purpose and objective(s) of the consultancy:

      2.1 Purpose

This assignment is aimed at understanding the shortcomings of the operationalization of the IDP Act, 2012, and developing recommendations to help realize its full implementation. The in-depth analysis shall include but not limited to social, political, environmental, and economic issues on internally displaced communities, and host communities, in Turkana, Tana River and Nairobi Counties. The analysis will also provide quality inputs on formulation of a white paper with practical policy recommendations that will form the basis for evidence-based advocacy.

2.2 Overall objective

To understand the gap(s) in public awareness and governance issues around the IDP Act, 2012 in relation to climate and development-induced displacement in Turkana, Tana River and Nairobi Counties.

      2.3 Specific Objectives

  1. To understand internal displacement in the specific field sites in relation to climate and development displacement;
  2. To analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of implementation of the IDP Act 2012 and other related law(s) and regulation(s);
  3. To analyze the IDP Act 2012 regulatory framework, and give possible policy recommendations to effectively implement it;
  4. To map out the current capacity of the stakeholders for the full implementation of the IDP Act 2012;
  5. To identify the best practices and tools for exhaustively implementing the IDP Act 2012.

    3.0 Methodology:

The consultant applying for this particular role must propose designs and methodologies in their submissions which shall be deliberated and agreed upon with RCK at the inception of the consultancy.  The methodology shall be developed along this indicative variables:

  1. Proposed policy in-depth analysis design;
  2. Data sources;
  3. Proposed data collection methods and analysis;
  4. Proposed sampling methods;
  5. Field visits; and
  6. Level of stakeholder engagement.
  1. Ethics:

The consultant must commit to ensure that detailed safeguards and procedures are in place to warrant physical and psychological safety of the respondents and those collecting the data. Likewise, the rights of the respondents must be observed and protected without any form of violation during their participation in the study/analysis. The consultant must have a policy analysis plan with a blue print in place to:

  1. Protect the rights of respondents, including privacy and confidentiality;
  2. Elaborate on how informed consent will be obtained and guarantee that the names of individuals consulted during the data collection will not be made public;
  3. In instances where children (under 18 years old*) are respondents, the consultant must consider additional risks and need for parental consent;
  4. Data collection tools must be designed in a culturally appropriate manner and should not create distress for respondents.

Click here to download the full Terms of Reference PDF.